TOEFL 80+ – Key Vocabulary Needed to Achieve 80+ on the TOEFL (Top 2000+ Terms)/
Target 80+ Unit 31

Target 80+ Unit 31

Total: 50 words

column

noun

an upright pillar or post consisting of a cylindrical shaft, a base, and a capital

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cluster

noun

a number of animals, persons, or things grouped or positioned together

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frame

verb

to construct, build, or put together parts of something

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abuse

verb

to deliberately misuse something, especially for your own advantage or in a way that harms your health

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ethnic

adjective

belonging to or deriving from the cultural, linguistic, racial, or religious traditions of a particular ethnic group

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myth

noun

someone or something invented, imaginary, or false, including those commonly or initially believed to be true

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gender

noun

either the male or female division of a species, especially as differentiated by social and cultural roles and behavior; also used to refer to a range of identities that do not correspond to established ideas of male and female

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column

noun

one of the straight sections from top to bottom into which text on a page or screen is divided

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cluster

noun

a group of similar things that gather, grow, or occur closely together

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ore

noun

a rock or mineral from which other materials, like metal, can be extracted

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frame

noun

a strong structure that holds or supports something

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abuse

verb

to mistreat, hurt, or injure by maltreatment, or to force sexual activity on

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antiquity

noun

artifacts or relics from the ancient past

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regime

noun

a particular administration or the period of time that a person or system is in power

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perimeter

noun

the length of the curve or line of an enclosed area

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explicit

adjective

said or shown in a clear, complete, and detailed way

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sweep

verb

to clean the ground, floor, or surface of something using a brush or a broom

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column

noun

a writer's regular article in a magazine or newspaper

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cluster

verb

to gather into a cluster or clusters; to congregate

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requisition

noun

the act of seizing personal property or taking something over for temporary use, especially by a public authority or military

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abuse

noun

the act or instance of improper or excessive use of something

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forgive

verb

to stop being angry with someone for something they did wrong; to pardon; to cease to feel resentment against

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sweep

verb

to win easily, especially by election

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retain

verb

to continue to have or use something; to keep something in possession

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spearhead

verb

to take the lead of a project, task, assignment, etc.

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secrete

verb

(of a plant, animal, or human) to produce and release liquid

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bear

verb

(of a plant or tree) to produce flowers, fruits, or leaves

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regime

noun

a method or system of government or of ​organizing or managing something

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perimeter

noun

the boundary or surrounding area of a place

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sweep

verb

(of storms, winds, or natural phenomena) to move along an area with strong force, often causing destruction

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abuse

noun

act or acts of maltreatment

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retain

verb

to remember information or facts without difficulty

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spearhead

noun

the leading person, group, or part of a task, mission, assignment, etc.

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bear

verb

to endure or withstand something, especially a difficult experience

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eliminate

verb

to defeat a person or a team so that they no longer take part in a competition, etc.

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condense

verb

(of a gas or liquid) to change or cause to change into a solid state

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supposedly

adverb

likely; according to what is assumed or believed

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faint

adjective

very slight or not clear

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sweep

noun

the overwhelming victory of someone who has won a contest, election, etc.

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spearhead

noun

the pointed tip or head of a spear

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bear

verb

to put on or acquire something

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drain

verb

to cause the gradual disappearance of something, like liquid, strength, money, etc.

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underneath

preposition

under another object or covered by it, or on the bottom of something

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clarify

verb

to make something clearer or easier to understand

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distinguish

verb

to make one person or thing seem different from another

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wholesaler

noun

a person or company that sells goods, usually in large quantities, to other people who then sell at a higher price to the public

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eliminate

verb

to remove something undesirable, unimportant, or irrelevant

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condense

verb

to summarize or make something shorter by only including the most important parts

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gravel

noun

the loose rounded fragments of rock and pebbles often used to make paths

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riot

noun

a large number of various types of something

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