TOEFL 80+ – Key Vocabulary Needed to Achieve 80+ on the TOEFL (Top 2000+ Terms)/
Target 80+ Unit 20

Target 80+ Unit 20

Total: 50 words

crescent

adjective

having or resembling the curved sickle shape of a crescent

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invoke

verb

to cause someone to feel or remember a certain emotion, feeling, idea, image, etc.

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withhold

verb

to refrain, refuse, or restrain from doing, giving, or showing something

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disperse

verb

to distribute, scatter, or spread over a wide area or in various directions

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erupt

verb

to violently eject from or burst forth or out of

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furnish

verb

to give, provide, or supply with something desired or necessary

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forestry

noun

the act or science of caring, conserving, and managing forests and trees

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candid

adjective

frank, honest, or truthful

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gigantic

adjective

extremely large in amount, degree, extent, or size; enormous

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geothermal

adjective

of, relating to, or connected with the heat of the earth's interior

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invoke

verb

to ask or request help, inspiration, protection, etc., from someone who is more powerful, especially a god

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withhold

verb

to deduct or take out an amount of money for taxes from an employee's salary or wages

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furnish

verb

to fill in a place with furniture or equipment

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bureaucracy

noun

a complicated official system that is annoying, frustrating, or confusing because of all its rules, processes, etc.

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spill

noun

the amount or quantity of liquid spilled

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configuration

noun

the relative arrangement or disposition of the elements or parts of something

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acquaintance

noun

a person whom one knows slightly but not well

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fatten

verb

to make someone or something fatter, fuller, or richer

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barrel

noun

a large cylindrical container with a bulging center and flat ends, usually made of wood or metal

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assimilate

verb

to take in, absorb, or become accepted

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acquaintance

noun

an individual's personal experience or knowledge of something

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barrel

noun

the tube of a gun through which the bullet moves when discharged

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drift

verb

to move aimlessly or be carried along by a current

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altitude

noun

the height or vertical elevation of an object above ground or sea level

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award

verb

to bestow, give, or grant as due or merited

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classify

verb

to arrange, organize, or order by classes or categories

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flour

noun

a brown or white powder produced or obtained by grinding grain, especially wheat

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miniscule

adjective

very small in size or amount; tiny

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immediacy

noun

the condition, state, or quality of being immediate or directly involved

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transaction

noun

the act, instance, or process of transacting something

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drift

noun

a gradual change, departure, or movement from one condition, course, place, etc., to another

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legitimate

adjective

conforming to the law, standards, or reason

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synthesize

verb

to produce a substance by means of chemical or biological reactions

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debris

noun

the scattered pieces of a broken or destroyed object

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invertebrate

noun

an animal with no backbone or spine, such as annelid, arthropod, mollusk, etc.

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duplicate

verb

to cause something to happen again or make an exact copy of something else

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neglect

noun

the state of being ignored, disregarded, or uncared for; the act or instance of neglecting

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taut

adjective

tightly drawn or stretched; not loose or slack

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pointed

adjective

having a sharp end, edge, or tip; spiky

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trigger

verb

to activate or set off a device, such as guns or bombs

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synthesize

verb

to combine or put together experiences, facts, ideas, etc. to form a single piece of work

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taut

adjective

showing anxiousness or nervousness; stressed; tense

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trigger

noun

the small lever that activates a firearm

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mutation

noun

the changing of the structure of a gene or the resulting new trait it produces in someone

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gasify

verb

to convert, make, or turn into gas

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genetics

noun

a branch of biology dealing with gene, heredity, and variation in organisms

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voluntary

adjective

acting of one's own free will, choice, or consent; done, made, or given willingly

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inferior

adjective

lower in position, quality, rank, status, value, etc.

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geometric

adjective

of, relating to, or involving geometry or its methods and principles

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ridge

noun

a long, narrow elevation of land or raised part of a surface

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