TOEFL 100+ – Key Vocabulary Needed to Achieve 100+ on the TOEFL (Top 1100+ Terms)/
Target 100+ Deck 56

Target 100+ Deck 56

Total: 20 words

groan

noun

a deep inarticulate sound someone makes when in pain or despair

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gauge

noun

a standard or means for assessing something or someone

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implicate

verb

to involve in the nature or operation of something

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Cretaceous

noun

the geological period of the Mesozoic era where flowering plants first appeared

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stigma

noun

the top part of a flower that receives pollen and on which they germinate

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pinniped

noun

an aquatic carnivorous animal belonging to the order Pinnipedia; a fin-footed animal, such as a seal or walrus

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Pleistocene

noun

the Ice Age or geological epoch where extensive ice sheets and other glaciers formed repeatedly on the landmasses

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paradigm

noun

a philosophical and theoretical framework of a scientific school or discipline within which theories, laws, and generalizations, and the experiments performed in support of them are formulated

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deprecate

verb

to play down or make little of

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stigma

noun

something that causes dishonor or disgrace, especially in a group or society

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longevity

noun

length of life

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havoc

noun

chaos, confusion, or turmoil

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gauge

verb

to measure and evaluate the amount, degree, value, or condition or something

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antagonism

noun

opposition of a conflicting force, tendency, or principle

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plunge

verb

to thrust or cast oneself into or as if into water

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plunge

noun

an act of jumping or diving into water

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at stake

phrase

to be in a situation where one can be won, lost, or damaged

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vantage point

noun

a position or place that gives you a bigger, more advantageous point of view or perspective

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size up

phrasal verb

to evaluate a person or situation in order to know the ideal next step

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by and large

idiom

after considering everything about the thing or situation

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