Business Vocabulary (Intermediate to Advanced – Top 300+ Terms)/
Advanced Unit 2

Advanced Unit 2

Total: 57 words

maturity

noun

the date on which the life of a transaction or financial instrument ends, after which it must either be renewed, or it will cease to exist

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liquidity

noun

the ability or ease with which assets can be converted into cash

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overhead

noun

costs that result from having and maintaining a business

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demographic

noun

a specific segment of a population having shared characteristics

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sole proprietorship

noun

a business owned and controlled by one person who is solely liable for its obligations

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royalty

noun

a right of jurisdiction granted to an individual or corporation by a sovereign; a share of the product or profit reserved by the grantor especially of an oil or mining lease; a payment to an author or composer for each copy of a work sold or to an inventor for each item sold under a patent

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cash cow

noun

a consistently profitable business, property, or product whose profits are used to finance a company's investments in other areas

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bail out

phrasal verb

to give money to a company so that it avoids bankruptcy and is able to continue operations

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traction

noun

the support or interest that is needed for something to make progress or succeed

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specification

noun

a detailed description of the criteria for the constituents, construction, appearance, performance, etc, of a material, apparatus, etc, or of the standard of workmanship required in its manufacture

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consignment

noun

a business arrangement in which an owner of goods pays a third-party vendor after sales are made; also used to refer to a batch of goods for delivery

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monetization

noun

the conversion of something, such as an asset, into cash by selling the asset or using it as security for a loan; the conversion of something into a source of income

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pivot

verb

to change direction or to transition

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due diligence

noun

research and analysis of a company or organization done in preparation for a business transaction (such as a corporate merger or purchase of securities)

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SEC (Securities and Exchange Commission)

proper noun

a U.S. government oversight agency responsible for regulating the securities markets and protecting investors

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lucrative

adjective

producing a large amount of money; profitable

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in opposition to

phrase

in contrast or conflict; against

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contrary to

phrase

conflicting with or in opposition to something; counter to

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NYSE (New York Stock Exchange)

proper noun

a stock exchange located in New York City that is the largest equities-based exchange in the world, based on the total market capitalization of its listed securities

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Nasdaq

proper noun

a global electronic marketplace for buying and trading securities

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speculation

noun

an investment in stocks, property, or other ventures that involves high risk but also the possibility of high profits

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rule out

phrasal verb

to exclude or to decide that someone or something is not possible or suitable

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stay on the line

phrase

to not hang up the phone

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S&P 500

proper noun

a stock market index tracking 500 companies in various industries with a large amount of market capitalization

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attribute A to B

phrase

to explain the source or cause of something, such as a situation or an event

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rally

verb

in finance, particularly in shares and currencies, it means to increase after a fall in value

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bypass

verb

to avoid or circumvent something that may cause issues or problems; to go past or around something

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pay scale

noun

a graded scale of wages or salaries paid within a particular organization or profession

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track record

noun

a record of the past achievements or performance of a person, product, or organization

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state of the art

adjective

very modern or has been made using the most recent methods and technology

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prospective

adjective

likely to be or become; expected to happen in the future

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inevitably

adverb

certain to happen; unavoidably or predictably

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up-and-coming

adjective

making good progress and likely to achieve success

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by-product

noun

a secondary result or something produced other than the main product, often unintended or unexpected

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variable

adjective

likely to change, vary, or adapt; inconstant

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insolvent

adjective

unable to pay debts as they fall due in the usual course of business

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eligible for

phrase

qualified or allowed to obtain something

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corner

verb

to dominate a market by providing the main supply of a particular type of goods or services

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consequently

adverb

as a result or as a consequence; therefore

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on a regular basis

phrase

happening or occurring regularly

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accumulative

adjective

gradually increasing in increments

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mutual fund

noun

a type of investment vehicle consisting of a portfolio of stocks, bonds, or other securities

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invasion of privacy

phrase

an encroachment upon the right to be let alone or to be free from publicity

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book

noun

(often plural 'books') a record of a business's financial transactions or financial condition

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early adopter

noun

an individual or business who uses a new product, innovation, or technology before others

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free enterprise

noun

an economic system in which commercial organizations compete for profit with little state control

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book value

noun

the total value of a business's assets found on its balance sheet, and represents the value of all assets if liquidated

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top line

noun

the line at the top of a financial report that shows gross sales or revenue before the deduction of expenses or losses

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quote

verb

to name the price of something, especially a job, service, product, etc.

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inorganic growth

noun

growth that arises from mergers or takeovers rather than an increase in the company's own business activity

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securities

noun

an instrument of investment in the form of a document (such as a stock certificate or bond) providing evidence of its ownership

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holdings

noun

legally owned property, such as land, capital, or stocks

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equity finance

noun

(also 'equity financing') the process of raising capital through the sale of shares

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privatize

verb

to change from public to private control or ownership

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shelve

verb

to put aside or postpone from consideration

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microloan

noun

a small amount of money that is lent at a low rate of interest to a new business

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philanthropy

noun

an act or gift done or made for humanitarian purposes

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